शनिवार, 24 अक्तूबर 2015


Friends, many of you ask about good books available for fourth paper of General studies of civil service mains examination. It is a fact that there is no comprehensive book available for this paper. It is a highly subjective paper where  opinion of examiner matters a lot. So, if you do have a mirror which reflects that what is expectation of government on these matters from you, that will be very much useful. Normally, Indian Constitution and Administrative Reforms Committed report is very much useful for this paper. Recently, I came across with a well written document prepared by Department of personnel and training, Govt. of India and United Nations Development programme named "Civil Services Competency Dictionary" and Tool Kit for its effective implentation. I assure you that it will be highly useful as it covers almost  half of your GS fourth paper syllabus including case studies. It gives you immense insight about expectation of UPSC or Government from you. It will help you a lot for case studies.

Syllabus of GS fourth paper for mains examination is reproduced below:-
General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity,
and Aptitude
This paper will include questions to test
the candidates' attitude and approach to
issues relating to integrity, probity in public
life and his problem solving approach
to various issues and conflicts faced by
him in dealing with society. Questions
may utilise the case study approach to
determine these aspects. The following
broad areas will be covered.
1.Ethics and Human Interface:
Essence, determinants and consequences
of Ethics in human
actions; dimensions of ethics;
ethics in private and public relationships.
Human Values - lessons
from the lives and teachings
of great leaders, reformers and
administrators; role of family, society
and educational institutions in
inculcating values.
2.Attitude: content, structure, function;
its influence and relation with
thought and behaviour; moral and
political attitudes; social influence
and persuasion.
3.Aptitude and foundational values
for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality
and non-partisanship, objectivity,
dedication to public service,
empathy, tolerance and compassion
towards the weaker-sections.
4.Emotional intelligence-concepts,
and their utilities and application in
administration and governance.
5.Contributions of moral thinkers and
philosophers from India and world.
6.Public/Civil service values and
Ethics in Public administration:
Status and problems; ethical concerns
and dilemmas in government
and private institutions; laws,
rules, regulations and conscience
as sources of ethical guidance;
accountability and ethical governance;
strengthening of ethical
and moral values in governance;
ethical issues in international relations
and funding; corporate governance.
7.Probity in Governance: Concept of
public service; Philosophical basis
of governance and probity;
Information sharing and transparency
in government, Right to
Information, Codes of Ethics,
Codes of Conduct, Citizen's
Charters, Work culture, Quality of
service delivery, Utilization of public
funds, challenges of corruption.
8.Case Studies on above issues.

Friends, I am sharing with you summary of this report with my observation. You can read this report on link given below-

Competencies are those underlying characteristics of an employee – motive, trait, skill, aspects of one’s social image, social role or a body of knowledge, which can result in effective and/or superior performance in a job or role’.

Knowledge &  Skill- Knowledge is the operational or technical understanding
a person has about something and skills are the things a person can do.
Social Role-Social role relates to how we project ourselves in our roles.
Self Image-Self-image relates to the attitudes and values we hold,
what is important to us as individuals, and how we feel about ourselves.
Traits are the characteristics or consistent responses of someone. For example, someone may demonstrate the trait of self-control consistently when confronted. . A person’s traits may be very helpful in a job, especially when the job calls for the kind of traits a person has.

Motives-Motives are the things a person consistently thinks about or wants, which cause them to take action. For example, a person may be highly achievement-oriented and this may drive their performance on the job. Or a person may be motivated by affiliation or friendship and this may drive their performance because the job involves dealing with many people

Characteristics of Good Governance
Accountability, Transparency, Equity and Inclusiveness, Participatory, Consensus Orientation,
Following Rule of Law, Effectiveness and Efficiency

Competency Framework for the Indian Civil Services

-Exhibits citizen
good and
interests of the
openness and
Treats all
citizens alike,
ensures justice
to all, with
for the weaker
excellence and
value for
human capital
and nurtures

This report is divided in following topics-
1. Ethos |  1.1 People First |  1.2 Strategic Thinking |  1.3 Organisational Awareness |  1.4 Commitment to the Organisation |  1.5 Leading Others |
2. Ethics |  2.1 Integrity |  2.2 Self-Confidence |  2.3 Attention to detail |  2.4 Taking Accountability
3. Equity |  3.1 Consultation and Consensus Building |  3.2 Decision Making |  3.3 Empathy |  3.4 Delegation
4. Efficiency |  4.1 Result Orientation |  4.2 Conceptual Thinking |  4.3 Initiative and Drive | 4.4 Seeking Information |  4.5 Planning and Coordination |  4.6 Desire for Knowledge |  4.7 Innovative Thinking |  4.8 Problem Solving |  4.9 Developing Others |  4.10 Self Awareness and Self Control |  4.11 Communication Skills |  4.12 Team-Working

in next part of my article, I'll come to the topics one by one.

I sincerly acknowledge DOPT and UNDP for this wonderful doucment and I hope that through this blog it will reach its future target audience- Aspiring civil servants.
Best of luck,
Keshvendra Kumar, IAS,
District Collector, Wayanad, Kerala

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